How To Setting The Entry Email Filter In Gmail

The incoming email settings on this filter are intended to group important emails into a special category, by utilizing this incoming email filter.

You can immediately move incoming emails into special folders that you create and also with your email filter. easily sort inbound mail, so that your email inbox is not too full or crowded.

Here I will try to make a tutorial on how to make incoming filters in Gmail

Read also : How to Delete All Gmail Emails

Following are the steps:

  • The first step of course you have to log in to your Gmail account.
  • In the upper right corner, select the symbol “gear” then select the setting.
  • Then select Filter on the menu tab at the top after that select Create new filter.

After that a window will appear as below which requires us to fill in the fields there.

Please note, that all of these columns are not mandatory so we do not need to fill them all.

In this illustration I will take an example with the name of an email filter with the words AP203 and then select it by creating this search filter in the lower right corner.

Then a window will appear that has several options that you can choose as you wish, for this illustration I will choose Step in the Inbox (Archive) so that the filtered e-mail does not enter the Inbox again, then label it “AP203” after that select Create filter.

Finish, the screen will appear as below, so all e-mails that have been filtered will automatically enter the label “AP203” and will not appear in the Inbox again.

Keep in mind, you can use this method to group your e-mails that you think are important by making special labels on your filters, so you don’t find it difficult to search for important e-mails.

Here’s a tutorial on how to filter incoming email on Gmail, Hopefully it’s useful and good luck.

Read also : How To Retrieve Deleted Texts on Android without Computer

Triamcinolone – Dosage, Indications, and Side Effects


What is Triamcinolone? Triamcinolone is an artificial glucocoticoid that is given by drinking, by injection or by sucking, or can also be used as a topical cream. The benefits of triamcinolone to treat allergies , skin conditions, ulcerative colitis and arthritis.

Name : Triamcinolone
Trade name : Kenalog IV, aristospan, trivaris
Class : Corticosteroids
Drugs that include corticosteroid classes : Betamethasone, corticotropin, cortisone, dexamethasone, hydrocortisone, methylprednisolone, prednisolone, prednisone, triamcinolone

Triamcinolone preparations

Injection suspension:

  • 5mg / mL
  • 10mg / mL
  • 20mg / mL
  • 40mg / mL

Triamcinolone acetonide

Treatment for rheumatic disorders or arthritis ( arthritis ):

  • 60 mg IM every 6 weeks; can be supplemented with an additional 20-100 mg IM PRN
  • Intralesi injection (10 mg / mL suspension): 1 mg per injection site 1 or more times a week; does not exceed 30 mg / day
  • Intra-articular / intrasynovial / soft tissue injection: large joints, 15-40 mg; small joint / tendon inflammation sheath, 2.5-10 mg

Triamcinolone Hexacetonide

Treatment for rheumatic disorders or arthritis (arthritis):

  • Injection Intralesi: 0.5 mg / ²; repeated if necessary
  • Intra-articular injection (20 mg / mL suspension): 10-20 mg (large joint); 2-6 mg (small joints); repeated every 3-4 weeks if necessary

Consideration of Triamcinolone Dosage

  • Dilute with local anesthesia (1% lidocaine or 2% without parabens) before intra-articular injection or intralesional injection
  • Dilute with D5 / NS or D10 / NS or NS or SWI before intralesional injection
  • Avoid diluents containing parabens or phenols

Triamcinolone Dosage and Indications for Children

Triamcinolone acetonide

Treatment of rheumatic conditions:

  • Dosage is 0.11 to 1.6 mg / kg / day IM divided every 3-4 hours
  • 6-12 years of age: 0.03-0.2 mg / kg IM every 1-7 days
  • Age> 12 years: 60 mg IM every 6 weeks; can be supplemented with an additional 20-100 mg IM PRN
  • Age> 12 years, intralesional injection (10 mg / mL suspension): 1 mg per injection site 1 or more times a week; does not exceed 30 mg / day

Triamcinolone Side Effects

Unknown frequency:

  • Acne
  • Arrhythmia
  • Enlargement of the heart
  • Circulation collapse
  • Adrenal suppression
  • Anaphylaxis
  • Vasculitis
  • Increased intracranial pressure
  • Thromboembolism
  • Euphoria
  • Arthragia
  • Stroke
  • Fracture / fracture
  • Damage to joint tissues
  • Lupus erythematosus lesions
  • Hypertrichosis
  • Cataract
  • Post wound healing
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Epistaxis
  • Neuritis
  • Hirsutism
  • Appetite increases
  • Indigestion
  • Tendon rupture
  • Insomnia
  • Myopathy
  • Osteoporosis
  • Pseudotumor cerebri
  • Psychosis
  • Vertigo

Triamcinolone in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Safety for pregnancy: Category C

Types of drug categories for pregnancy:

  • Category A : Generally acceptable, has been through research in pregnant women, and shows no evidence of fetal damage
  • Category B : May be accepted by pregnant women, has been through research in experimental animals but there is no direct research evidence in humans
  • Category C : Use carefully. Research in experimental animals shows risk and there is no direct research in humans
  • Category D : Used if there are no other drugs that can be used, and in life-threatening conditions
  • Category X : Don’t use it in pregnancy
  • NA Category : No information

In nursing mothers, the triamcinolone drug can be excreted through breast milk, use it carefully.

Hypertension – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment


What is hypertension? High blood pressure or hypertension is a condition where the strength of blood flow to the arterial wall is quite high. Nearly a third of people who have hypertension are not aware of this disease in their body.

If you haven’t checked and don’t know your blood pressure, ask your doctor to check it out. All adults should check their blood pressure at least every five years. The power of blood pressure can change over time, influenced by what activity the heart is doing and the resistance of the blood vessels.

Causes of hypertension

Risk factors that make a person experience hypertension include: obesity, drinking too much alcohol, smoking, and family history. One of the most dangerous aspects of hypertension is that every individual does not realize that he has high blood pressure.

The risk of developing hypertension can be reduced by changing the things above and applying a healthier lifestyle. The only way to find out if you have hypertension is with regular blood pressure checks. This is important especially if we have relatives or descendants of high blood pressure.

Symptoms of hypertension

High blood pressure or hypertension often does not cause symptoms. However, in some people with very high blood pressure symptoms of hypertension can appear:

  • Severe headaches
  • Fatigue or confusion
  • Vision problems (possible complications to the retinal eye)
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • The presence of blood in the urine (possible complications to the kidneys)
  • Pounding on the chest, neck or ears.

If you have symptoms of hypertension, see your doctor immediately. Uncontrolled blood pressure can cause the patient to fall into a hypertensive crisis condition, namely hypertension that causes organ failure such as a heart attack or stroke .

Hypertension diagnosis

High blood pressure is often called the silent disease because patients usually do not know that their body has high blood pressure. This is because hypertension does not show visible signs and symptoms. That’s why regular blood pressure monitoring is very important.

The ideal blood pressure rate is below 120/80 mmHg. However, the measurement results below 130/90 mmHg are still within normal limits. Blood pressure can change. High measurement results in one examination does not mean you are automatically suffering from hypertension.

Blood pressure is usually measured using manual or digital sphygmomanometers. Most doctors now use digital sphygmomanometer, a blood pressure measuring device that uses electronic sensors to detect your pulse.

Hypertension is divided into three, namely:

1. Hypertension grade I

When systolic blood pressure is above or equal to 140 mmHg, and diastolic blood pressure is above or equal to 90 mmHg. Hypertension diagnosis of grade I if for 2 consecutive examinations in a span of a week the patient shows the blood pressure.

2. Hypertension grade II

When systolic blood pressure is above or equal to 160 mmHg, and diastolic blood pressure is above or equal to 100 mmHg at one time.

3. Hypertension crisis

When diastolic blood pressure is above or equal to 180 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure is above or equal to 110 mmHg. Hypertension crisis itself is divided into 2:

  • Emergency hypertension (if there is a vital organ failure)
  • Hypertension urgency (if there is no vital organ failure).

Treatment of hypertension

The main treatment of hypertension is to change lifestyle. Healthy lifestyle that can be applied, including:

  • Regular exercise
  • Keep your body weight ideal
  • Limit salt consumption
  • Avoid smoking.

In addition, you also need to be able to avoid stress, because it can cause emotional, psychological, and even physical problems, including coronary heart disease and high blood pressure. Therefore, dealing with stress is important to avoid hypertension.

After you can change your lifestyle to be healthier, you also need some medications that can be used to lower blood pressure, including:

1. Calcium channel blocker

This drug is used to reduce blood pressure. Calcium channel blockers work by slowing the movement of calcium into heart cells and blood vessel walls, which makes the heart easier to pump and widen blood vessels.

2. Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors

High blood pressure medications that widen blood vessels thereby increasing the amount of blood pumped by the heart and ultimately reducing hypertension.

3. Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARB)

Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) have the same effects as ACE inhibitors, but work with different mechanisms.

4. Diuretics

Commonly known as water pills, which help the body to get rid of water and salt that is not needed through urine. Getting rid of excess salt and fluids helps lower blood pressure and can make the heart pump blood more lightly.

5. Beta-blockers

This drug is used to treat high blood pressure by blocking the effects of the sympathetic nervous system on the heart.

6. Omega-3 fish oil supplements

Fish diet supplements and fish oil have benefits for healthy people and also people with heart disease.

Foods that can reduce hypertension:

Diets that can help control hypertension are foods rich in potassium, magnesium, fiber and low in sodium.

Follow foods that can help reduce hypertension:

1. Green vegetables
2. Fruit berries
3. Bit
4. Skim milk and yogurt
5. Oatmeal
6. Banana
7. Salmon, mackerel, and fish with omega-3
8. Grains
9. Garlic and herbs
10. Black chocolate
11. Pistachio
12. Olive oil
13. Pomegranate

Hypertension Prevention

By living a healthy lifestyle, you can help maintain blood pressure in a healthy range and reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke. Healthy lifestyle is the same as treating hypertension, including:

  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Get enough physical activity
  • Do not smoke
  • Limiting alcohol use

High discipline in implementing a healthy lifestyle will have a significant positive impact on blood pressure. Some hypertensive sufferers don’t even need to take drugs because they have successfully applied lifestyle changes to normalize blood pressure .

Recognize the Causes of Pneumonia and Treatment


Pneumonia is an infectious or inflammatory disease of the lung organs caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites where the pulmonary alveolus (alveoli) which is responsible for absorbing oxygen from the atmosphere becomes “inflame” and filled with liquid.

Pneumonia can also be caused by chemical or physical irritation of the lungs or as a result of other diseases, such as lung cancer or drinking too much alcohol. But the most common cause is an attack of bacterium streptococcus pneumoniae , or pneumococci .

Pneumonia often affects most of the elderly (elderly) and those who have chronic disease as a result of damage to the immune system (immune), but Pneumonia can also attack healthy young people. Currently in the world, Pneumonia is reported to have become a major disease among children and is a serious disease that takes the lives of thousands of elderly people every year.

Causes of pneumonia

The method of transmission of Pneumonia virus or bacteria is not yet known with certainty, but there are several things that allow a person at high risk of developing Pneumonia, as reported by , including:

1. Weak body resistance

People who have weak immune system, such as HIV / AIDS sufferers and people with chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes mellitus. Likewise for those who have or routinely undergo chemotherapy and take immunosuppressant drugs for a long time, where they generally have a weak immune system.

2. Smokers and alcohol drinkers

Heavy smokers can experience irritation in the respiratory tract ( bronchial ) which eventually results in mucus secretions. If ripples or phlegm contain bacteria, it can cause pneumonia. Alcohol can have an adverse effect on white blood cells, this causes weakness in the body’s resistance to infection.

3. Patients undergoing treatment in the ICU / ICCU room

Patients who received an ‘ endotracheal tube ‘ ventilator were very at risk of developing pneumonia. When they cough will release back pressure on the contents of the stomach towards the esophagus, if it contains bacteria and moves to the respiratory cavity (ventilator), the high potential for pneumonia.

4. Inhaling air contaminated with chemical pollution

High risk faced by farmers if they spray plants with chemical substances without wearing a mask is irritation and causes inflammation of the lungs which consequently easily suffers from Pneumonia with the entry of bacteria or viruses.

5. Old patient lying down

Patients who experience major surgery causing them problems in terms of mobilization are one of the high risks of pneumonia, where static lying sleep allows ripples or phlegm to gather in the lung cavity and become a medium for the development of bacteria.

Symptoms of pneumonia

Signs and symptoms of pneumonia range from mild to severe, depending on factors such as the type of germs that cause infection, age and overall health. Mild signs and symptoms are usually similar to fever or flu, but the symptoms last longer. While the signs of suffering from pneumonia can be known after undergoing X-ray (Rongent) and sputum examination.

Signs and symptoms of pneumonia include:

  • Chest pain
  • Confusion or change in mental awareness (adults 65 and older)
  • Cough that expands phlegm
  • Fatigue
  • Fever, sweating and shivering
  • Lower than normal body temperature (adults older than 65 years and people with weakened immune systems)
  • Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea
  • Hard to breathe.

But newborns and babies may not show signs of infection. Or they may vomit, fever and cough, look restless or tired and without energy, or have difficulty breathing and eating.

How to treat pneumonia

Treatment and treatment of pneumonia depends on the severity of symptoms and the type of cause of pneumonia itself.

  • Pneumonia caused by bacteria will be given antibiotic treatment. Treatment must be completely complete until there is absolutely no symptoms or X-ray and sputum examination results no longer show the presence of Pneumonia bacteria, if not then someday Pneumonia will be suffered again.
  • Pneumonia caused by a virus will be given Pneumonia treatment which is almost the same as a cold sufferer, but it is emphasized with adequate rest and sufficient fluid intake and good nutrition to help the recovery of the immune system.
  • Pneumonia caused by fungi will get treatment with antifungal.

Besides giving other pneumonia drugs to help reduce pain, fever and headaches. Giving anti-cough medicine is recommended at low doses just enough to make the patient can rest sleep, because coughing will also help the cleansing process of mucossa secretions (ripples or phlegm) in the lungs.

Zika Virus – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Transmission


Zika virus is a dangerous virus that is transmitted through Aedes aegepty mosquitoes . About 1 in 5 people who are infected with the Zika virus becomes sick, has Zika disease or Zika fever. The disease caused by this virus was first recorded in 1947 in Africa and has spread to epidemics in many different countries, with ongoing outbreaks in Brazil and Puerto Rico; the first diagnosis of Zika virus in the United States occurred in Harris County (Houston), Texas, in January 2016.

Causes of Zika Virus

Zika virus is a virus related to dengue, West Nile, and other viruses. The Zika virus may play a role in the occurrence of congenital microcephaly (head and small brain) in the fetus from infected pregnant women. This virus is transmitted to people by Aedes mosquitoes as a factor; so mosquito bites are a risk factor.

The incubation period is about three to 12 days after the bite of an infected mosquito. Most infections do not spread from person to person. In Brazil, outbreaks of Zika virus infection may be related to the development of congenital microcephaly; Epidemiological evidence from Zika uses a virus isolated from amniotic fluid, brain and baby’s heart with microcephaly. The prognosis for most Zika virus infections is good; However, complications such as microcephaly, if proven to be associated with infection in pregnancy, will be a bad outcome.

Symptoms of the Zika Virus

The most common symptoms of Zika virus are fever, rash, joint pain, or conjunctivitis (red eye). Other common symptoms include muscle aches and headaches. The incubation period (time from symptom exposure) for Zika virus disease is unknown, but may range from a few days to a week. The disease is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week. People usually do not show enough pain to go to the hospital and Zika is actually rarely deadly. The Zika virus usually stays in the blood of an infected person for about a week but can be found again in some people.

Zika Virus Diagnosis

The symptoms of Zika are similar to dengue fever and chikungunya , a disease that spreads through the same mosquito that transmits Zika, the Aedes mosquito. Check with a doctor if you experience the symptoms described above and have visited the area where Zika was found.

If you have just traveled, tell your doctor when and where you are traveling. Health care providers can recommend special blood tests to find Zika or other similar viruses such as dengue fever or chikungunya.

Treatment of Zika Virus

There is no vaccine to prevent or special medications to treat Zika infection.
Treatment only treats symptoms:

  • Drink fluids to prevent dehydration
  • Take medications such as acetaminophen to relieve fever and pain
  • Don’t take aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • If you take medication for other medical conditions, talk to your doctor before taking additional medication

During the first week of infection, the Zika virus can be found in the blood and an infected person can transmit it to others in such a way that the person is bitten by a mosquito, then the mosquito bites another person because the mosquito becomes infected. Infected mosquitoes can then spread the virus to other people.

Prevention of Zika Virus

  • There is no vaccine to prevent Zika virus disease
  • Prevent Zika by avoiding mosquito bites
  • Mosquitoes that spread the Zika bite virus mostly fly during the day
  • Mosquitoes that spread the Zika virus also spread dengue fever and chikungunya

When traveling to countries where Zika virus or other viruses are found, and that is caused by mosquito bites, do the following:

  • Wear a long-sleeved shirt and trousers
  • Stay in places with air conditioning or in a room that uses windows and door screens to keep mosquitoes from outside
  • Sleep under a mosquito net if you are abroad or outside and unable to protect yourself from mosquito bites
  • Use insect repellents (mosquito sprays or mosquito repellent). When used with directed, insect repellents have proven safe and effective, even for pregnant and lactating women
  • Always follow the product label instructions
  • Do not spray insect repellent on the skin under the clothes
  • If you also use sunscreen, use sunscreen before applying insect repellent

If you have a baby or child:

  • Do not use insect repellent for babies younger than 2 months of age
  • Dress that covers your arms and legs
  • Cover the box, push cart and baby carrier with mosquito netting
  • Do not apply insect repellent to children in the hands, eye area, mouth area, and injured or irritated skin
  • Adults: Spray insect repellent into your hands and then to the child’s face.
  • Give permethrin to clothes
  • Clothes are used after several washings (washed after permethrin)
  • If you treat the items yourself, follow the product instructions carefully
  • Do not use permethrin products directly on the skin. Permetrin is intended to “treat” clothes

If you suffer from Zika, protect others from illness

  • During the first week of infection, the Zika virus can be found in the blood and transmitted from infected people to other mosquitoes through mosquito bites. Infected mosquitoes can then spread the virus to other people
  • To help prevent others from getting sick, avoid being bitten by mosquitoes during the first week of illness.

Zika Virus Transmission

Through mosquito bites

The Zika virus is transmitted to people primarily through the bite of Aedes mosquitoes infected with A. aegypti and A. albopictus mosquito species. These are the same mosquitoes for dengue fever and the chikungunya virus. These mosquitoes usually lay eggs in calm water such as buckets, bowls, animal plates, flower pots and vases. They prefer to bite people, and live indoors or outside.

  • Mosquitoes that spread chikungunya, dengue fever and Zika will become aggressive bites during the day. They can also bite at night
  • Mosquitoes become infected when they suck blood from people who have been infected with the virus. Namuk who are infected can then spread the virus to others through bites.

Mother-to-child transmission (rarely occurs)

  • A mother who has been infected with the Zika virus at the time of delivery can transmit the virus to her baby at delivery, but this is rare.
  • It is possible that the Zika virus can be transmitted from mother to baby during pregnancy. Health experts are studying how some mothers can transmit the virus to their babies
  • Until now, there have been no reports of infants contracting the Zika virus through breastfeeding. Because breastfeeding has many benefits, mothers are encouraged to breastfeed even in areas where the Zika virus is found.

Through infected blood or sexual contact

  • The spread of the virus through blood transfusions and sexual relations has been reported.

Where is the Zika virus found?

Prior to 2015, the Zika virus outbreak had occurred in the regions of Africa, Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands. In May 2015, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) issued a warning regarding Zika virus infection in Brazil. At present, outbreaks occur in many countries. The Zika virus will continue to spread and it will be difficult to determine how the virus will spread from time to time.

The Zika virus has now penetrated the United States. Local Zika cases have been reported in the United States, but there are also cases coming from tourists. Local infectious Zika viruses have been reported in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico , US Virgin Islands, and American Samoa. With this new outbreak, the number of Zika cases for tourists coming or returning to the United States is likely to increase. Import cases can result in the spread of local viruses in several regions of the United States.

On February 3, 2016, the Minister of Health Nila F Moeloek confirmed that a Jambi resident had suffered from this virus, however, Minister of Health appealed to the public not to be afraid because characteristically, the Zika virus was not as bad as dengue fever when it came to adults.

Once again, Zika is dangerous when it comes to pregnant women because it will potentially give birth to baby microcephaly.

Obesity – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment


Obesity is overweight which can be determined by calculating the Body Mass Index (BMI). Obesity is a preventable disease and cause of death in America. In recent years, the number of people who are overweight in industrialized countries has increased significantly; so much so that the World Health Organization (WHO) has mentioned that obesity is an epidemic.

In the United States, 69 percent of the adult population is overweight or obese. In Canada, self-reported data shows that 40 percent of men and 27 percent of women are overweight, and 20 percent of men and 17 percent of women are obese. Whereas in Indonesia alone, as many as 40 million adults are overweight, and Indonesia ranks 10th in the list of countries with the most obesity rates in the world.

People who are obese are at a higher risk for serious diseases such as hypertension , heart attack , stroke, diabetes , gallbladder disease, and cancer. The risk in people who have obesias is higher than those of people who have a healthy and normal weight.

Obesity is determined by calculating BMI, but not directly able to measure fat levels in the body. The method of calculating BMI is the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters. A healthy BMI is in the range of 18.5 – 24.9 kg / m2. The BMI at 25â € “29.9 is referred to as â € œoverweightâ €, 30â €“ 34.9 is called â € œ obesity class I â €, 35.0â € ”39.9 is called â € œobility class II â €, and above 40 are called â € œ obesity class IIIâ €.

Causes of Obesity

Obesity occurs when the body consumes more calories than burning calories. In the past, many people thought that obesity was only caused by overeating and lack of exercise, due to lack of willingness and self-control. Although this also contributes to causing obesity, experts recognize that obesity is a complex medical problem and involves genetic (hereditary), environmental, behavioral and social factors. All of these factors play a role in determining a person’s weight.

Recent research has shown that in some cases certain genetic (hereditary) factors can cause changes in appetite and fat metabolism that triggers obesity. For people who are genetically susceptible to gaining weight (for example, having a lower metabolism) the risk of becoming high in obesity.

Even though a person’s genetics can cause obesity, that is not the main cause. Environmental and behavioral factors have a greater influence – consuming calories from high-fat foods and doing little physical activity or not every day exercising in the long term will cause weight gain. Psychological factors can also cause obesity. Feelings of inferiority, guilt, emotional stress, or trauma can cause overeating as a means to overcome problems.

Symptoms of Obesity

Health risks associated with obesity and the characteristics of obesity include:

  • Respiratory disorders, such as sleep apnea and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Certain types of cancer, such as prostate cancer, intestines in men, breast cancer and uterine cancer in women
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Depression
  • Diabetes
  • Liver or bile gland disease
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Diseases of the joints (eg osteoarthritis) due to the body’s support for carrying excessive weight
  • Stroke

People who are obese may have symptoms of the medical conditions mentioned above. High blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, respiratory problems, and joint pain (in the knee or lower back) often occur. The more fat a person is, the more likely they are to have medical problems associated with obesity. In addition, obese people tend to be lazy to move because of the weight of the body so that obese people tend to be easily drowsy because of their slow metabolism.

Doctors will also use other measurements such as waist size to evaluate health risks associated with abdominal fat. When BMI and waist size indicate a health problem, there will be additional examinations suggested by the doctor such as an EKG, blood check to find out the condition of cholesterol, gout, and so on.

How to Overcome Obesity

Obesity can be overcome in the following ways:

  • Changing lifestyles: multiply exercise, changing your diet that might have been a lot of fatty foods (like fried foods, offal) now reproduced with fruits
  • Avoid alcohol consumption
  • Don’t be too hard on yourself until you don’t want to eat, this is not the right method. Keep eating, but change the menu to a healthy menu.
  • Diet medications prescribed by a doctor. Do not try to take diet medicine without a doctor’s prescription, because it is feared that it will injure the stomach and intestines, and it will cause chaotic metabolism.

How to treat obesity

If you are obese and cannot lose your own weight, medical assistance is available. Start contacting a doctor, they may be able to refer you to a weight specialist. Your doctor may also want to work with you as a team to help you lose weight, along with dietitians, therapists, and other health staff.

Your doctor will direct you to change your lifestyle. Sometimes, they also recommend medications or weight loss surgeries.

Changes in lifestyle and behavior

The health care team advises you about better food choices and helps develop healthy eating plans that are right for you. Structured exercise programs and increased daily activities – up to 300 minutes a week – will help build your strength, endurance and metabolism. Counseling or support groups can also identify unhealthy triggers and help you deal with anxiety, depression, or emotional eating problems.

Medical weight loss

Your doctor may also prescribe weight loss medications that are prescribed in addition to healthy eating and exercise plans. Medications are usually prescribed only if other weight loss methods are unsuccessful, and if you have a BMI of 27 or more other than obesity related health problems.

Prescription weight loss medications either prevent fat absorption or suppress appetite. These drugs can have unpleasant side effects. For example, the orlistat ( Xenical ) drug can cause frequent and oily bowel movements, bowel urgency, and gas. The doctor will monitor carefully when you take these drugs.

Weight loss surgery

Weight loss surgery, commonly called bariatric surgery, requires a commitment from the patient that they will change their lifestyle. This type of surgery works by limiting how much food you can eat comfortably or by preventing your body from absorbing food and calories. Sometimes they do both.

Weight loss surgery is not a quick fix. This is a major operation and can have serious risks. After surgery, patients need to change the way they eat and how much they eat or risk getting sick.

Candidates for weight loss surgery will have a BMI of 40 or more, or have a BMI of 35 to 39.9 along with serious obesity-related health problems.

Patients usually have to lose weight before undergoing surgery. In addition, they will usually undergo counseling to ensure that they are both emotionally prepared for this operation and are willing to make the necessary lifestyle changes.

Meanwhile, surgical options include:

  • Gastric surgery, which creates a small pouch in the upper part of the abdomen that connects directly to the small intestine. Food and fluid pass through the sac and enter the intestine, passing most of the stomach
  • Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), which separates your stomach into two bags using a ribbon
  • Stomach arm, which removes the stomach
  • Biliopancreatic transfer with the duodenal switch, which removes most of the stomach.